(French: Bretagne; Breton: Breizh) is a peninsula,
historical country and cultural area in the north-west
of France, covering the western part of what was known
as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation. It
became an independent kingdom and then a duchy before
being united with the Kingdom of France in 1532 as a
province governed as a separate nation under the crown.
It is bordered by the English Channel to the north,
Normandy to the northeast, eastern Pays de la Loire to
the southeast, the Bay of Biscay to the south, and the
Celtic Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
land area is 34,023 km2.
Today, the historical
province of Brittany is split among four departments:
Finistère, Côtes-d'Armor, Ille-et-Vilaine, Morbihan
At the 2010 census, the population of historic Brittany
was estimated to be 4,475,295.