EXPLORE CHINA THROUGH PHOTOGRAPHY
 
xxxx   SHAANXI    province       陕西 xxxx

 Shaanxi Province is one of the birthplaces of Chinese primitive human. It has also been the political, economic and cultural center of several dynasties. It is from here that Chinese civilization first spread out to the outside world. It is also a sacred place of the revolution in the country's modern history. This province plays an important role in the existence and development of the Chinese nation as well as in human history.

 
 
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  PEOPLES - PORTRAIT
 
Peoples Portraits   GPS: na
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  TOMBS AND MAUSOLEUM of SHAANXI province
Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum
(Terracota Army)   秦始皇帝陵博物院
GPS: 34.38411, 109.27849
The Terracotta Army in Xi'an, is a super large collection of life-size terra cotta sculptures in battle formations, reproducing the mega imperial guard troops of Emperor Qin Shi Huang (259 - 210BC), the first emperor of the first unified dynasty of Imperial China.  
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Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum
(Tombe of  Qin Shihuangdi)  秦始皇帝陵博
GPS: 34.37876, 109.25897
Emperor Qin Shihuang began to build the mausoleum for himself since he came to throne at the age of 13.. The work continued even after the emperor’s death, taking in total 38 years. Emperor Qin shihuang’s Mausoleum is very large, covering the total area of 56.25sqkm.it is rectangular in shape and enclosed by two walls-the inner city wall and the outer city wall.  
 

Prince Tang Yide Tomb    唐懿德太子墓 GPS: 34.55588, 108.23146
Tomb of Prince Yide in Qianxian County is a subordinate tomb of the Qianling Mausoleum. It is also one of the most visited imperial tombs of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Prince Yide, named Li Chongrun is the first son of the Emperor Zhongzong (Li Xian) and the grandson of Empress Wu Zetian. He died in 701 when he was 19 years old.  
 

Tang Yongtai Princess Tombs      唐永泰公主墓 GPS: 34.55935, 108.23895
The Mausoleum of Princess Yong Tai is located in Xianyang, Shaanxi. It is in the north of Qianling Mausoleum and it is one of the seventeen subordinate mausoleums of Qianling Mausoleum. The princess is the seventh daughter of the Emperor Zhongzong (Li Xian), the son of Empress Wu Zetian in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Princess Yongtai died when she is 17 years old in the year 701.  

 Qianling Mausoleum   乾陵博物馆 GPS: 34.57706, 108.22005
The mausoleum is a co-burial place of Emperor Gaozong(governed China from 649-683) and his queen Wu Zetian, who governed China for 15 years after death of Empress Gaozong Empress.  

Zhao Mausoleum     唐昭陵 GPS: 34.63221, 108.48831
The Zhaoling Tomb is a co-burial tomb for Taizong by the name of Li Shimin, the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty and his queen Zhangsun.  


  SHAANXI province
 
Beitun Pagoda GPS: na
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Banpo     半坡遗址 GPS: 34.27323, 109.05117
Banpo Museum was discovered in spring of 1953 and the excavation work lasted from 1954 to 1957. Finishing the excavation the museum was built on the discovering site in 1957. With three years, 45 huts, over 200 caves, 6 pottery-kiln sites, 250 tombs, 10 thousand living and production tools, and seeds of crops and vegetables were found..  
 

 
Famen Temple    法门寺 GPS: 34.43989, 107.90454
Famen Temple is a famous temple for keeping the sariras of Sakyamuni Buddha. It has always been known as the initial monastery of all Buddhist monasteries in the Guanzhong Area. The Famen Temple, initially built under the reign of Emperor Huan of the Eastern Han Dynasty, has a history of over 1, 700 years.  
 

Huashan     
  • 34.47786, 110.08478
 华山
GPS: 34.47786, 110.08478
Mount Hua is a huge body of granite,its history can backdate to 120 million years ago.It boasts five imposing peaks with precipices and overhanging rocks:The east one(the Sunrise Peak), The north one(the Clouds Terrace Peak),The west one(the LotusFlower Peak),and the south one(the Wild Goose- resting Peak) with also the steepest of Mount Hua and the central one(the Jade Maiden Peak).  

Huaqing Hot Spring    华清池 GPS: 34.3632, 109.21312
The park is rebuilt on the royal palace in Tang Dynasty ( 618 -907 ), which mainly comprises the royal gardens and the royal hot springs. The royal hot springs are an excavated site, kept original.  

Lishan     骊山 GPS: 34.35773, 109.2141 
Mount Li is a mountain located in the northeast of Xi'an in Shaanxi Province, China. The mountain is part of the Qinling mountain range and rises to a height of 1302 metres.  
 


Xianyang museum     咸阳市博物馆 GPS: 34.33423, 108.72485
Xianyang Museum mainly has collections of the Qin (221 BC to 206 BC) and Han Dynasty (206 BC to 9 AD) eras. Xianyang was the capital city of the Qin Empire. The Qin Dynasty controlled the first large empire in the land, and the boundaries established during the Qin Empire were maintained and enlarged upon by the Western Han Empire.  
 

Others GPS: na
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  XI'AN city
 
Da Xingshan temple     大兴善寺 GPS: 34.22583, 108.94344
The temple had reached unprecedented heyday in the Tang dynasty (618–907), when Śubhakarasiṃha, Vajrabodhi and Amoghavajra taught Chinese Esoteric Buddhism in the temple, known as the "Three Prominent Buddhist Monks in the Kaiyuan Period".  
 

Great Mosque    清真大寺 GPS: 34.26175, 108.9419
The Great Mosque in Xi'an is one of the oldest, largest and best-preserved Islamic mosques in China. According to historical records engraved on a stone tablet inside, the Great Mosque was built in 742 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907).  
 

Big Wild Goose Pagoda    大雁塔 GPS: 34.21815, 108.96415
The initial pagoda had an earthen body with bricks applied on the outsides. From 701-704 during the Empress Wu Zetian’s reign she had the pagoda rebuilt into a tower-like seven storied brick pagoda, which has been kept as it was until now. Standing 64 meters high the pagoda is in a square conical shape with its bottom measuring 25 meters on all four sides and the length of platform 45 meters for each side.
 

Traditionnal Music Concert on  Xian Bell Tower GPS: na
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Small Wild Goose Pagoda     小雁塔 GPS: 34.23919, 108.94199
In the Yonghui Period (650-655) under the reign of Tang Emperor Gaozong, the Small Wild Goose Pagoda was built of blue bricks. Originally, it had 15 storeys, and measured about 45 meters (148 feet) in height. Because of numerous violent storms and earthquakes, the two upper storeys were destroyed. The existing 13-storey pagoda measures 43.4 meters in height.  
 

Bell and Drum Tower Square   钟鼓楼广场 GPS: 34.25979, 108.9426
Bell Tower and Drum Tower Square is located at the joint point of the South Street, North Street, East Street and West Street. On its east stands the 600-year-old Bell Tower, and on west lies the largest existing Drum Tower in China. When the square was built in the late 1990s, all disorderly buildings between Bell Tower and Drum Tower were demolished so that the sister buildings could face each other.  
 

Qinglong temple      青龙寺   GPS: 34.23255, 108.98913
Built in 582, it was called Linggan Temple before being renamed Qinglong Temple. Many Japanese monks were sent to Qinglong Temple to study Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907). Unfortunately, it was destroyed in 1086, and remained unknown to the world for almost a millennium until 1963 when it was restored.
 
       

Chinese Caligraphy road (Shuyuanmen) 
书院门
GPS: 34.25294, 108.94954
Xian's art district is called Shuyuanmen and there are some local artists here that sell paper cut art. Paper cutting began as a major art form in Xi'an around the seventh century, which was the city's heyday. Every shop sells either art or art supplies, such as these calligraphy brushes.  
 

Huajue Alley (Muslim Street)   化觉巷古玩街 GPS: 34.26107, 108.94255
Huajue Xiang is a 500 meter narrow alley located between the Drum Tower and the Great Mosque in the center of the city. It is a great place to pick up souvenirs and antiques. Most of the residents in the Huajue Xiang area are Muslims-the Hui minority group.
 

 
Xian City Walls    西安城墙 GPS: 34.25206, 108.95029
The Xian City Wall in central area of Xian city is not only the most complete city wall that has survived in China, but also one of the largest and most complete ancient military systems of defense in the world. That 600 years old city wall was built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) on base of the Imperial city wall of the Tang Dynasty(618-907).  
 

Confucius Temple (Stele Forest)  西安碑林 GPS: 34.25287, 108.95278
The Stele Forest, also called Beilin Museum, is a themed museum focusing on displays of stone steles, epigraphs and stone sculptures from past dynasties. Its construction is based on Xi'an Confucius Temple dating from 1087 during the North Song Dynasty (960 – 1127).  
 

Eight Immortals Temple
(Ba Xian An)    八仙宫
GPS: 34.26469, 108.97989
Temple of the Eight Immortals (Ba Xian An in Chinese, aka Eight Immortals Palace and formerly Eight Immortals Nunnery), is the biggest Taoist temple in Xi'an and is a famous Taoist architecture in northwest China. The temple is said to be built in the Song Dynasty (960-1279), and was repaired and expanded many times in succeeding dynasties.   
 

Bell Tower     西安钟楼 GPS: 34.25946, 108.94701
The Bell Tower has a classical structure with carved beams and painted rafters. It is 36 meters above ground. The base of the Bell Tower is 1,337.4 square meters in size, 8.6 meters high and 35.5 meters wide. The tower was built in 1384 by Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang as a way to dominate the surrounding countryside and provide early warning of attack by rival rulers.  
 

Drum Tower  鼓楼 GPS: 34.26023, 108.94355
It was initially built in 1380 during the reign of Emperor Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), and was renovated twice in 1699 and 1740 in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). It is a two-storied post and panel structure, 34 meters (about 112 feet) high and 52.6 meters (about 172 feet) long from east to west as well as 38 meters (about 124 feet) wide from north to south.  
 

Xi'an City (Others)     西安市 GPS: 34.26483, 108.94688
Xi’an is a large city and capital of Shaanxi Province in central China. Once known as Chang’an (Eternal Peace), it marks the Silk Road’s eastern end and was home to the Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang dynasties' ruling houses.  
 

 
 
 
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